dove soap environmental impact

The only byproduct that comes from the continuous saponification process is glycerin which Dove more than likely uses in manufacturing other products (Chagrin Valley).” Unilever is making amazing commitments for the future of their production processes and the same could be said of their transportation efforts as well. Green Palm Sustainability. “Chemistry of Soaps and Detergents:Various Types of Commercial Products and Their Ingredients”, MARCEL FRIEDMAN, PhD. So many soaps contain a variety of fragrances and chemicals that have the potential to harm the environment. Can Unilever’s Dove soap maintain both its market position and social impact? Here’s a breakdown of the three-part promise: Dove will move to 100% recycled plastic bottles across its Dove, DoveMen+Care and Baby Dove brands in … Elsevier Scince Inc. 1996, https://www.cidjournal.com/article/0738-081X(95)00102-L/pdf, “Dove Ingredients Explained.” Alabu Skin Care, http://www.alabu.com/dove-ingredients/, Soap” How Products are Made, http://www.madehow.com/Volume-2/Soap.html, BEHR Oil Based Interior/Exterior Primer and Sealer, California Academy of Sciences Living Roof Life Cycle, UC Davis Social Sciences and Humanities Building, www.dove.com/us/en/washing-and-bathing/beauty-bar/white-beauty-bar.html, https://smartlabel.labelinsight.com/product/2746633/nonFoodIngredients, http://www.madehow.com/Volume-2/Soap.html, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Soap_and_Detergent_manufacturing_process_03.png, https://www.cleaninginstitute.org/clean_living/soaps__detergents_manufacturing.aspx, https://www.unileverusa.com/sustainable-living/the-unilever-sustainable-living-plan/waste-and-packaging/index.html, http://www.nzdl.org/gsdlmod?e=d-00000-00---off-0edudev--00-0----0-10-0---0---0direct-10---4-------0-1l--11-en-50---20-about---00-0-1-00-0--4----0-0-11-10-0utfZz-8-00&cl=CL1.19&d=HASH4433a1e037444ddb56a0c1.10&x=1, http://www.petresin.org/news_introtopet.asp, http://www.madehow.com/Volume-2/Plastic-Wrap.html, https://www.themanufacturer.com/articles/how-a-cardboard-box-is-made/, https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/product/677161/Dove_Beauty_Bars_Sensitive_Skin%2C_2_pk/, https://www.slideshare.net/laurafalotico/dove-brand-evolution, https://ihsmarkit.com/products/fats-and-oils-industry-chemical-economics-handbook.html, https://www.csx.com/index.cfm/about-us/the-csx-advantage/fuel-efficiency/, https://www.unilever.com/sustainable-living/reducing-environmental-impact/greenhouse-gases/Our-greenhouse-gas-footprint/, https://www.unilever.com/sustainable-living/reducing-environmental-impact/greenhouse-gases/reducing-transport-emissions/, https://www.unilever.com/sustainable-living/reducing-environmental-impact/sustainable-sourcing/transforming-the-palm-oil-industry/, https://www.cleaninginstitute.org/assets/1/AssetManager/SoapsandDetergentsBook.pdf, https://www.unilever.com/Images/unilever-supply-chain-overview---may-2018_tcm244-523172_1_en.pdf, https://greenpalm.org/about-palm-oil/what-is-palm-oil. In their 2019 Page Society Case Study Competition winning entry, Sarah Dasher and Olivia Zed examine the hits and misses of Dove's Real Beauty campaign. What environmental concerns are there with soaps and detergents? The Dove Beauty Bar is a household name which you can find at any grocery store or pharmacy within the United States. The waste should comply with the norms set by environment department of the country. “Dove Beauty Bars Sensitive Skin 2Pk”. The White Beauty Bar Soap is manufactured by the saponification of fats and oils (triglycerides) of vegetable or animal origin and the neutralization of fatty acids, specifically by saponification of palm oil and some animal fat. The names and other brand information used in the PESTLE Analysis section are properties of their respective companies. Dove is one of the most trusted and loved beauty brands across the globe. They are no more effective than plain old soap and water, but pollute the environment and may be contributing to antibacterial resistance.. With a strong correlation between an increase usage of energy to an increase in global greenhouse gas emissions that further induces rapid climate change, this should perturb consumers globally. Impact of positioning of DOVE bathing soap in Surat city 40 S.V. Animal fat is used to prepared for example Stearic Acid by “treating the animal fat with water at high temperature leading to the hydrolysis of triglycerides” [2], once you get the stearic acid, this is used as a hardener in soap. How, a brand markets its products affects its brand image as well as sales of products. This process in its simplest form involves heating the mixture of detergent lyes, salts, and oils, separating byproducts, and cooling the product until it reaches its final state as a bar of soap. Political rift between the British and European union was the major news recently. Also, some other vegetable derived raw materials are; Maltol, used as a flavoring agent occurs naturally in some types of plants and is harvested directly; Sodium Cocoate is used as a surfactant, produced by hydrolysis of the ester linkages in the coconut oil with sodium hydroxide [2]. This results in a huge amount of energy to be used. CSX. Throughout this paper, besides the ingredients, I will examine which are the primary raw materials extracted, the materials added during the manufacturing process, the transportation and packaging materials, and waste materials. Plants.” Energy Procedia, vol. Most of us use “normal” soap on a daily basis, so literally millions of tonnes of soap is flushed the gurgler every year. For such a small and simple object, the implications of this energetic cost have a direct impact on the environment while also possessing underlying ethical and societal consequences. The team identified close to 50 women from uppermiddle class Indian households and handed them trial packs of Dove soap. Dove is the body soap mainly created to focus on the female customers. A diesel freight truck (134 miles per gallon) and potentially a freight train (470 miles per gallon) will ship the processed detergent chemicals to a factory also located in China, where it will be further processed [5]. These products help in keeping one fresh, cool, sweat free and also impart a pleasant odour. slideshare.net, 2018, https://www.slideshare.net/laurafalotico/dove-brand-evolution. This is especially true for a household product such as this one. “Soap” How Products are Made, http://www.madehow.com/Volume-2/Soap.html, 5. Another example of a palm oil derivate is sodium palmitate, which is a salt made by mixing Palmitic acid and Lye and adding water, this secondary material is used for cleansing and creating lather [2]. Soap has been used to maintain personal hygiene as far back in history as the elite upper class of Ancient Rome and Greece, who experimented with different oils to clean their skin. By attempting to trace back the Dove bar through raw material harvesting methods, production processes and shipping methods, the type of energies will become evident to the consumer. Also, there are some other ways to re-use bar soap, for example, people can melt the bar soap or the remainders of it and then add water to create a shampoo-like product. The race, color and caste are not concerned at all. To manufacture this soap, it is required palm oil and animal fat which the extraction of these materials generate an environmental hazard. On the other hand, all three methods of shipping and transportation may be necessary to get the bar soap to its final destination. When the situation allows for it Unilever has also stated that they, “switch from road journeys to rail and sea freight(Unilever),” which results in lower carbon dioxide emissions overall. The companies are not associated with MBA Skool in any way. As environmentally responsible human beings, the best we can do is to research and continue to ask more questions about exactly where and how the common items are produced and what are the different energies are used in the manufacturing a product. Although soap is simple in use, the embedded energetic costs due to its manufacturing and shipping methods are significant. Worse, people are being sold a bill of goods when it comes to antibacterial soap. That’s because Dove isn’t soap, it’s a Beauty Bar. www.statista.com/statistics/275244/us-households-most-used-brands-of-bar-soap/. Soaps are chemical products called surface-active agents or surfactants, these products are “well-known for their detergency, which is due to a reduction in water surface tension which removes the dirt by wetting, emulsification, lathering, and removal” [11]. Since 2010 Unilever has improved 31% in the rate in which its releasing CO2 by means of transportation. “Our Greenhouse Gas Footprint”. Any harmful warnings should be displayed on the product itself. The PESTLE Analysis highlights the different extrinsic scenarios which impact the business of the brand. “Transforming the Palm Oil Industry”, Unilever, https://www.unilever.com/sustainable-living/reducing-environmental-impact/sustainable-sourcing/transforming-the-palm-oil-industry/. Also, I will determine the waste materials and how these materials can be reused or recycled. Today Dove offers a range of products: body washes, hand and body lotions, facial cleansers, deodorants, shampoos, conditioners and hair styling products, all developed on the universal premise of real care. If enough of the people are aware of the significance by which a simple object such as bar soap has on the environment, it can spur more rapid changes in the methods and energies companies use not just in the production of Dove bar soap, but in every product that is sold in the convenience store. Liquid soap, on the other hand, will always come in a plastic bottle. They remain in the environment for centuries after their use. Unilever doesn’t finish their ambitions at the production level, they know and understand the impact that transportation has on the environment. While the energetic costs of a soap bar produced by Dove may seem unimportant to the layman, the magnitude of the energetic costs that were required to produce the bar soap is significant to raise concern. Use of such toxic soaps also means that the active chemicals will wind up in the soil and ground water. When Unilever was contacted directly for more specific information regarding the Dove Beauty Bar they simply replied back with a link to their website with generalized information. So long as there is a demand for their product, they will have to ship it to the consumer and carbon emissions will be present. Another interesting aspect the consumer aids in is the reception of the packaging and how to discard it. A profound component of any life cycle analysis is the evaluation of the waste and emissions that a product possesses. “How to Recycle Cardboard.” Earth911.Com, earth911.com/recycling-guide/how-to-recycle-, “Sodium Palm Kernelate.” Home, www.tomsofmaine.com/our-promise/ingredients/sodium-. Various countries that operate have their own tax policies. Even the advertisements which are produced have advanced technology used to create it. The technological factors in the PESTLE Analysis of Dove are mentioned below: Technology is ever growing. It is estimated that 117.19 million Americans used Dove in their daily hygiene practices(Statista). “Unilever’s Supply Chain”. Sodium tallowate is, “fat derived from the fatty tissue of sheep or cattle, sodium, magnesium, and potassium tallowate are the salts of the tallow’s fatty acids (Australian Soap Blog).” By using this product as one of their main ingredients, Dove is contributing to the livestock production crises which, “The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization estimating that livestock production accounts for about 14.5 percent of all human-caused emissions, or about 7.1 gigatons of carbon dioxide or its warming equivalent (Inside Climate News).” Since Dove is a massive company it’s safe to assume that they most likely receive shipments of animal fat from giant factory farms. Tallow can be found in cattle fat after extraction Tallow is mixed with Lye to create sodium tallowate which is salt of Tallow and it is used for cleansing [2]. We choose to use palm oil because it is one of the most productive vegetable oils per land area: sunflower, soy and rapeseed all require far more land to deliver the same volume of oil. “How a cardboard box is made” The Manufacturer (2014) https://www.themanufacturer.com/articles/how-a-cardboard-box-is-made/, Cradle to Grave Analysis: Embedded Energy within a Dove Soap Bar. Another harmful product is the use of sodium tallowate in the soap bar. The product of interest, Dove bar soap, is made using a lengthy list of synthetic detergents or lyes and oils throughout its production [2]. So many soaps contain a variety of fragrances and chemicals that have the potential to harm the environment. The article described an event between striking Unilever workers and private security forces in South Africa. Harmful to the environment: Most of the dust on our skin is removed thanks to the soap that we use for the sole purpose of cleaning it but in the process, we may be causing more harm to our environment in the process. The Dove Beauty Bar comes in a small white cardboard box which is recyclable. EWG scientists reviewed the Dove White Beauty Bar product label collected on December 17, 2019 for safety according to the methodology outlined in our Skin Deep Cosmetics Database. 97, 2016, pp. On the other hand, I found necessary to mention that Unilever mission to decrease waste regarding their packaging is working, by making the soap’s packaging completely recyclable. We provide contracts to operate, maintain and repair sewage treatment plants and lift stations. The consumer of a Dove Beauty Bar plays a role in the mitigation of waste. https://www.csx.com/index.cfm/about-us/the-csx-advantage/fuel-efficiency/. To stop using palm oil would result in a lot more land being cultivated to obtain the same quantity of oil, resulting in a much greater environmental impact. “An Introduction to PET.” Fact Sheet - An Introduction to PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) http://www.petresin.org/news_introtopet.asp, 13. Wrongful promotion of the product can lead to penalty. The fate of dove depends on the fate of Unilever as a brand. Unilever. Unilever has partnered with Carrotmob, a nonprofit that uses consumer spending to influence businesses’ environmental impacts, to create sustainability campaigns. Thus, the advertisement is focused mainly on women. Once the Dove bar soaps are manufactured, they can be packaged in several size package and presentations, which are later transported to vendors in more than 80 countries. “Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Wastewater Treatment. From a simple palm fruit to palm oils, this process alone requires an aggregate of energy sources: thermal, kinetic, mechanical, and chemical energies are used in order to bring palm oils to Dove factories. “Soap Manufacturing Technology”, 2nd Edition. www.scientificamerican.com/article/harvesting-palm-oil-and-rainforests/. The White Beauty Bar Soap is listed as having a variety of ingredients, however the necessary raw materials involved in the manufacture of soap, these are oils and fats, soda lye and some additives like sodium carbonate and perfumes. “U.S. However, a study was done to investigate the carbon footprint of waste water treatment facilities and was able to find that they contribute to, “0.45% or the yearly average per capita CO2e emission in Europe (Parravicini, Vanessa, et al).” Although it’s not a substantial number in comparison to what other sector’s carbon footprints are, it is wise to note that waste water treatment plants do in fact contribute to pollution and carbon emissions. In a laboratory, the production of synthetic alkali detergents involves chemical reactions that turn simple starting molecules into those making up the necessary detergent chemicals that will eventually be used within Dove bar soap to clean the skin [10]. Study reveals: soap is not harmful to the environment New study shows that soap compounds break down long before they can pose an environmental threat. Once the bar soap is used it can be re-used several times until the soap is used entirely. (Dove) the most common package presentation uses a plastic wrapper and a cardboard box. https://www.unilever.com/Images/unilever-supply-chain-overview---may-2018_tcm244-523172_1_en.pdf. One example of a detrimental effect of using a soap in a natural body of water is that, “Lower surface tension of water reduces the oxygen level in the water, causing harm to fish and other aquatic wildlife (Martinko).” The consumer has a role to play in where they use the product as well as how long they use water to aid in their cleansing routine. “Is Harvesting Palm Oil Destroying the Rainforests?” Scientific American. The number of required sources of energy starting at the processing detergent chemicals, animal fats, and palm oils is staggering. I acknowledge the chemical complexity of manufacturing soap, I notice how every ingredient in the White Beauty Bar Soap has a specific reason to be added. “Reducing Transport Emissions”. The use of sodium tallowate and sodium palm kernelate in Dove Soap is detrimental to the environment currently and will only get exponentially worse over the years. The first major way in which the consumer contributes to the mitigation is by the means of how they use the product. It has been reviewed & published by the MBA Skool Team. Dove Environmental provides certified technicians that complete routine operation and maintenance services for water & wastewater treatment facilities. The waste produced while manufacturing this soap dove should not be harm the environment. The Dove Beauty Bar makes no claims to be completely biodegradable so its advised to not use this product in a natural environment such as a lake or river. The large-scale production of bar soap generally involves a process known as the continuous method. This is the fourth part of a five-part article on industrial soaps. Consider The Environmental Impact Of Soap Industrial Soaps Are A Necessity BY Brendan O'Brien. This soap is mainly used for nourishing dry skin of face, body, and hands and it is advertised to contain ¼ moisturizing cream that helps retain skins moisture. How, a brand markets its products affects its brand image as well as sales of products. “Soaps & Detergents: Chemistry”. Using what is known from the extraction, production, shipping, and manufacturing process, Dove bar soap spans many energetic types. [2] The water used for the manufacture of soap is extracted naturally in the nearest place from the factory. The goal of this paper is to evaluate the composition of the materials used to make these bar soaps, and how these materials have an environmental impact throughout the different stages of the life-cycle of the soap with a central focus on Materials. living/reducing-environmental-impact/greenhouse-gases/. Instead of chemical-laden fragrances, Dr. Bronner’s Baby Unscented Soap uses olive oil, perfect for those of us exposed… Even though it’s a naturally occurring substance, too much phosphate that gets into waterways will cause algal bloom. By virtue of the geographic area of other raw materials and the “Made in China” label, these detergent chemicals will be produced in a factory in China and shipped via ground-based vehicles. At the end of the Dove bar soap life-cycle, there are no new materials incorporated for waste management. The most common soaps are manufactured by saponification of a combination of lauric oils and hard fats in a ratio of 1/3 - 2/3. Dove is one of the most trusted and loved beauty brands across the globe. “Dove Ingredients Explained”. Dove, the name is not new or unknown to any one today; the company manufactures its products in several countries and India is one of them. Antibacterial soaps are about the worst choice when it comes to cleaning your hands or your house. Depending on the geographic location, distribution plants may reside domestically or internationally. We provide contracts to operate, maintain and repair sewage treatment plants and lift stations. Published friday 19. september 2014 - 06:30. The inferred sum of the energy consumption throughout the entire process is staggering. Today, soap making has evolved from these experiments from a handcrafted luxury item into one that is accessible and essential to most of the developed world. The market, it is estimated that 117.19 million Americans used Dove in their daily practices... Any way Cosmetic Database, https: //www.ewg.org/skindeep/, 10 packaging and to. Problems with Commercial dishwashing detergents is that it has to be harvested up thus hampering the cost... ” EPA, environmental Protection Agency, 17 July 2017. www.epa.gov/transportation-air-pollution-and-climate-change/carbon-pollution-transportation produced Dove. Palm oil and animal fat are other raw materials need to Go purchase bar. “ Reducing Transport Emissions. ” Unilever, https: //smartlabel.labelinsight.com/product/2746633/nonFoodIngredients, 4 waste should comply with the norms set environment. Environmental targets are the legal factors in the soil and ground water an added threat to already... Required sources of energy every second manufacturing ” American Cleaning Institute, https: //www.ewg.org/skindeep/, 10 distinct of. 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