revolt of 1857 project

But by September 1857, the British reoccupied Delhi. The Revolt of 1857 started as a sepoy mutiny. The victory was short- lived. which actively helped the British. Thus ended the imperial dynasty of the Mughals. Recaptured Banaras and Allahabad in June 1857. when it was declared that the descendants of the titular Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah II, would w not The Sanyasi Rebellion in North Bengal and the be allowed to … Content Guidelines 2. The revolt of 1857 created a big gap between the different religious communities especially the Hindus and the Muslims as each blamed the other for its failure. The tenure of Dalhousie was pathetic as far as concerns of the Indian natives are concerned. • The British army exposed its vulnerability in the First Afghan war, the Sikh war and the Crimean war. On 9 May 1857, they were severely punished for this. Grate freedom fighter, Barrister V.D. 3. The Doctrine of Lapse was abolished. There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. It was by far the largest, most widespread, and dangerous threat to British rule in India in the nineteenth century1 following the Battle of Plassey in 1757 and Battle of Buxar in 1764. Revolt of 1857 important GK Questions answers PDF. Begun in Meerut by Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of the British East India Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow. Later on, the Rani was joined by Tantia Tope and together they marched to Gwalior and captured it. Who died during the seizure of British residency by rebels at Lucknow on 2nd July, 1857! Kanpur was recaptured by the British after fresh reinforcements arrived. The attack by Mangal Pandey is considered one of the first acts of what came to be known as the Great Rebellion or the Sepoy Mutiny. IAS Kracker — August 27, 2017 15 comments The Revolt or uprising of 1857 was a valiant effort by disgruntled Indian sepoys to overthrow the colonial power from Indian shores, however, it ended in failure. The Revolt of 1857 —the First War of Independence! The Revolt of 1857 - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Acknowledgement – Indian Revolt of 1857. Revolt of 1857 (Sepoy Mutiny) multiple choice questions for your upcoming exams like SSC, CGL, IAS Railway etc. An Indian sepoy was paid less than a European sepoy of the same rank. Some of the local rulers like Scindia of Gwalior, the Holkar of Indore, the Nizam of Hyderabad, the Raja of Jodhpur, the Nawab of Bhopal, the rulers of Patiala, Sindh, and Kashmir, and the Rana of Nepal provided active support to the British. The Indian Revolt of 1857 Brought the End of the East India Company . Defeated the rebels (Nana Sahib's force) on 17th July, 1857. Image Source: 51ec5c0d06ef68842cbd-eb61d9770b9e4a1d2dacebe5287fbc1d.r85.cf2.rackcdn.com/3354F365-60F8-40DE-99E9-58ACE0BCAA35.jpg. Began as mutiny of sepoys (Indian soldiers of the British East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut. In rural areas, peasants and zamindars resented the heavy taxes on land and the stringent methods of revenue collection followed by the Company. The control of Indian administration was passed on to the British Crown by the Government of India Act, 1858. After all the policies and oppressive actions of the British on Indian masses, on the morning of May 11 th, 1857 Bahadur Shah Zafar was proclaimed Shahenshah-e-Hindustan and the Sepoy Mutiny happened.Interestingly, there was no direct British Rule in India till this point of time. Indian Revolt of 1857The Indian revolt of 1857 was a widespread Indian rebellion against British rule. Summarized View of Major Events in the Revolt of 1857. It began on May 10, 1857 when Indian sepoys from the East Indian Company's army created a mutiny in Meerut that soon spread throughout the central and northern India cities. [3] By the first half of the 19th century, the East India Company had brought major portions of India under its control. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Moreover, the sentiments of the people were hurt when it was declared that the descendants of the titular Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah II, would not be allowed to live in the Red Fort. However, recent researches have proved that the cartridge was not the only cause for this revolt. India now came under the direct rule of the British Crown. A large section of the population was alarmed by the rapid spread of Western civilization in India. On 9th May 1857, on the parade ground of Meerut, 85 Indian troopers were court martialled. [RAS/RTS 2012] A: Ajmer […] Dalhousie announced in 1849, that the successor of Bahadur Shah II would have to leave the Red Fort. The main causes were disunity of the Indians, lack of complete nationalism etc. In fact, multiple causes i.e., social-religious-political- economic worked together to produce the rebellion. Indian sepoys formed more than 87% of British troops in India. 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CBSE 10th & 12th Board Exam 2021: Big Announcements By Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank' - Watch Video & Check Updates! 22 Jan, 1857. It failed to have the character of an all-India struggle.Important rulers like Sindhia, Holkar, Rana of Jodhpur and others did not support the rebels. The sever famines which devoured millions of people remained issues, that were never addressed. A large number of Indian rulers and chiefs were dislodged, thus arousing fear in the minds of other ruling families who apprehended a similar fate. The Revolt of 1857 —the First War of Independence! On 10 May 1857, these rebel soldiers killed their British officers, released their imprisoned comrades and hoisted the flag of revolt. The revolt spread over the entire area from the neighbourhood of Patna to the borders of Rajasthan. The rebels lacked an effective leader. Some British officers trusted their sepoys, but others tried to disarm them to forestall uprisings. By the first half of the 19th century, the East India Company had brought major portions of India under its control. You can Read First GK> Revolt of 1857 – Sepoy Mutiny – Study Notes [PDF] Q.1 Which place is not a center of sepoy mutiny? THE OUTBURST On 9th May 1857 some sepoys in Meerut revolted against their British officers. This incident sparked off a general mutiny among the sepoys of Meerut. Although serious and, in some cases, long drawn, these did not pose any serious threat to the existence of the British Empire. National movement in 20th century drew its inspiration from the events of 1857. They became bitter enemies of the British. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. The rebels were either hanged or blown to pieces by canons. The revolt was suppressed with terrible vengeance. For six days there was desperate fighting. Social and Religious Causes: The British had abandoned its policy of non-interference in the socio-religious life of the Indians. Hakim Ahsanullah (Chief advisor to Bahadur Shah II), Begum Hazrat Mahal, Birjis Qadir, Ahmadullah (advisor of the ex-Nawab of Awadh), Nana Sahib, Rao Sahib (nephew of Nana), Tantia Tope, Azimullah Khan (advisor of Nana Sahib), Maulvi Ahmadullah (He declared the Revolt as Jihad against English). Privacy Policy3. 1.1 Lack of Planning and Co-ordination; 1.2 Weak Leadership of the 1857 Mutiny; 2 Military Causes of Failure of 1857 Revolt. The sever famines which devoured millions of people remained issues, that were never addressed. He was hanged to death on 8th April. [3] 2.1 Superior British Army; 2.2 Limited Supplies and Lack of Modern Communication; 3 Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. It was started on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. Sindhia, a loyal ally of the British, was driven out. Project By Manas Joshi Revolt Of 1857 14. the revolt of 1857 was very important in determining Indian history. This was insulting for both hindus and muslims who were inthe sepoy army. Small precursors of brewing discontent involving incidences of arson in cantonment areas began to manifest themselves in January. Nationalist Imageries of the Revolt: Revolt of 1857 was celebrated as first war of Independence. 02/2019 @gjust.ac.in, This website follows the DNPA’s code of conduct, एंट्रेंस एग्जाम्स के मल्टीपल च्वाइस क्वेश्चन्स सॉल्व करने के कारगर तरीके जानिये यहां, BARC ASO Admit Card 2020 to Release on 28 Dec @barc.gov.in: Download Final List of Screened In Candidates, Physical Test from 18 Jan 2021, VSSC भर्ती 2021: 79 साइंटिस्ट / इंजीनियर और मेडिकल ऑफिसर पदों की वेकेंसी के लिए vssc.gov.in पर करें आवेदन. 3. The British finally attacked Delhi in September. 1. Finally the British forces captured Lucknow. Final reoccupation of Lucknow on 21 st March, 1858. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence. The mutiny-rebellion has been the topic of fierce historical controversy. In 1857 march there was a rumour that the cartilage used in guns were made of flesh of pig. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence. of Attempts, AIBE XVI 2021- All About Eligibility, Exam Pattern, Syllabus, Admit Card, Result, Important Dates, Government Jobs Exams Dates 2020 LIVE Updates: CGPSC , MAHADISCOM, WBPSC, RPSC, HPPSC, RSMSSB, BPSC, SSC and all live Updates, IBSAT 2020 Admit Card - Available Now, Direct Link Available, CGPSC Document Verification Schedule 2020 Released for Assistant Grade 3, Stenographer and other posts @psc.cg.gov.in, Check Details. The first expression of organised resistance was the Revolt of 1857. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of … The revolt was mainly confined to the Doab region. There the mutinous sepoys were joined by the disbanded soldiers from the old Awadh army. Indian Revolt of 1857The Indian revolt of 1857 was a widespread Indian rebellion against British rule. This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. Their Crime: These troopers had refused to load their rifles with the new cartridges. … The Sanyasi Rebellion in North Bengal and the Chunar rebellion in Bihar and Bengal broke out in the late eighteenth century. The news of the events at Delhi spread rapidly, sparking uprisings in many districts. Description: The Indian sepoys were required to work far off without extra Bhatta or payment. A rumour spread that the cartridges of the new Enfield rifles were greased with the fat of cows and pigs. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. Chapaties and lotus passed from village to village as a symbollic message. Suppressed the revolt at Arrah in August 1857. Satara, Nagpur and Jhansi were annexed under the Doctrine of Lapse. The reasons for the failure of the 1857 Revolt are many and can be grouped into Administrative, Military and Political causes. Mangal Pandey On March 29, 1857, on the parade ground at Barrackpore, a sepoy named Mangal Pandey fired the first shot of the uprising. fINTRODUCTION The Rebellion of 1857 (also known as the Indian Mutiny) was a watershed event in the history of British India. The right to adopt sons as legal heirs was accepted. • The Indian sepoys were required to work far off without extra Bhatta or payment. UPSC IAS 2020 Exam: Click here to get the Complete 30 Days Study Plan to score high in Prelims. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. 16. It was initiated by sepoys in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers. The annexation of Awadh by Lord Dalhousie on the pretext of maladministration left thousands of nobles, officials, retainers and soldiers jobless. Comparative lack of efficient leadership. The start of the revolt was on the 29th of March, 1857, when Mangal Pandey, attacked his officers. It shook the foundations of the British Empire in India and at some points it seemed as though the British rule would end for all time to come. Later, a large-scale rebellion broke out in May and turned into what may be called a full-fledged war in the affected region. The Post Office Act of 1854 withdrew the free postage facility for them. Greased cartridges cause unrest. Title: THE REVOLT OF 1857 1 THE REVOLT OF 1857 2 THE GREAT REVOLT THE FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 3 (No Transcript) 4 Mangal Pandey 5 THE OUT BURST. They were considered inferior to British soldiers. They were not prepared to cross the ocean (Kalapani) which was forbidden as per Hindu religious beliefs. Date. Before loading these rifles the sepoys had to bite off the paper on the cartridges. The occupation of Delhi was short-lived. It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. Some of historian called it as Sepoy mutiny or revolt or uprising. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company 's army. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. It was only later on that other elements of society joined the revolt. But she was ultimately defeated by the English. Thus, Indian administration was taken over by Queen Victoria, which, in effect, meant the British Parliament. Many among these groups were unable to meet the heavy revenue demands and repay their loans to money lenders, eventually losing the lands that they had held for generations. In Britain and in the West, it was almost always portrayed as a series of unreasonable and bloodthirsty uprisings spurred by falsehoods about religious insensitivity. In Delhi the mutineers were joined by the Delhi sepoys and the city came under their control. They developed the suspicion that the Government was trying to convert Indians to Christianity.After the annexation of Awadh the Nawab’s army was disbanded. As mutineers were captured, they were often killed on the spot, and many were executed in dramatic fashion. She died, fighting to the very end. When Dalhousie wanted to apply the Doctrine of Lapse to Karauli (Rajputana), he was overruled by the court of Directors. The Revolt of 1857 paved the way for the future struggle for freedom in India. The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. The old king was captured and later deported to Rangoon where he died in 1862. 2. On 9 May 1857, they were severely punished for this. A sepoy, Mangal Pandey on 29 th March 1857, killed senior officers on parade and started the revolt. The Meerut Mutiny (May 9, 1857) marked the beginning of the Revolt of 1857. 1. The Rani of Jhansi fought like a tigress. Eighty-five of them were dismissed and sentenced to ten years imprisonment. The queen escaped to Nepal. In Kanpur the revolt was led by Nana Saheb, the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. Began as mutiny of sepoys (Indian soldiers of the British East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut. [RAS/RTS 2012] A: Ajmer […] Not a shilling was spent from the British treasury on the defense of the India. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. Lack of coordination between the sepoys, peasants, zamindars and other classes, was also a reason. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our. Begum Hazrat Mahal, one of the begums of the ex-king of Awadh, took up the leadership of the revolt. There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. But Bahadur Shah was old and he could not give able leadership to the sepoys. The revolt of 1857 was the conscious beginning of the Independence struggle against the colonial tyranny of the British. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the cantonment of the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region. But his brilliant commander Tantia Tope continued the struggle. Other rulers feared that the annexation of their states was only a matter of time. He captured Kanpur and proclaimed himself the Peshwa. The revolt was mainly feudal in character carrying with it some nationalist elements. There were six main centres of revolt in these regions namely Kanpur, Lucknow, Bareilly, Jhansi, Gwalior and Arrah in Bihar. Chief Commissioner of Awadh. The whole of Central India and Bundelkhand was brought under British control by him. Dr. Mary Rader (UT), for suggesting the topic and methodology upon which this project has been conceived. 4. His sons were shot dead. The Governor General’s office was replaced by that of the Viceroy. Proclamations in Hindi, Urdu and Persian were put up calling local to join them and exterminate the foreign rule. Jan- Mar, 1857. Rani Lakshmi Bai escaped. Rani Lakshmi Bai’s adopted son was not permitted to sit on the throne of Jhansi. The Indian public which does not like sudden changes was applied with the new laws and customs which were anathema to the … Large numbers of sepoys were drawn from the peasantry and had family ties in villages, so the grievances of the peasants also affected them. TOS4. Art, literature, history, stories, paintings, films have helped in keeping the memory of 1857 revolt alive. On 10 May 1857, these rebel soldiers killed their British officers, released their imprisoned comrades and hoisted the flag of revolt. Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the British rule. Soon there was a rebellion in the Meerut Cantonment. It was started on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. The mutiny-rebellion has been the topic of fierce historical controversy. The people were convinced that the Government was planning to convert Indians to Christianity. The revolt marked the end of the East India Company’s rule in India. In this context, mention may be made of the rebellions of the Bhils of Madhya Pradesh, the Santhals of Bihar and the Gonds and Khonds of Orissa. What started merely as a sepoy mutiny soon The modern intelligent Indians also didn't support the cause. Lack of coordination between the sepoys, peasants, zamindars and other classes, was also a reason. Christian missionaries were allowed to enter India and carry on with their mission of proselytizing. It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of Independence against the British. Both Hindu and Muslim sepoys refused to use them. Table of Contents. Indian Mutiny, also called Sepoy Mutiny or First War of Independence, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in 1857–59. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. At Agra, 160 miles from Delhi, more than 6000 civilians converged on the Fort, leaving the area in haste. Course and Spread of the Revolt: The revolt spread to Berhampur in Bengal. We know how the British got their strong hold in India. According to it, the change in religion would not debar a son from inheriting the property of his heathen father. The Revolt of 1857 was a prolonged period of armed uprising as well as rebellions in Northern and Central India against British occupation of that part of the subcontinent. The ‘Bengal Army’ was recruited from high caste communities in Awadh. India was transformed into a supplier of raw materials and a consumer of goods manufactured in Britain. The abolition of practices like sati and female infanticide, and the legislation legalizing widow remarriage, were threats to the established social structure.Even the introduction of the railways and telegraph was viewed with suspicion. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the cantonment of the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region. Defense against Nana Sahib's forces till 26th June 1857. Fierce fighting followed. This was insulting for both hindus and muslims who were inthe sepoy army. Besides, an Indian sepoy could not rise to a rank higher than that of a Subedar. The sepoys wanted an end to the British rule and make Bahadur Shah Zafar their leader. Next day, on 11th May, the sepoys proclaimed the ageing Bahadur Shah Zafar the Emperor of Hindustan. Gwalior was recaptured by the British. This project would not have been possible without the guidance and assistance of a few people that need duly acknowledged as a form of my gratitude. The rebels lacked resources in terms of men and money. Sind, Rajputana, Kashmir, most parts of Punjab. Lucknow was the capital of Awadh. Military Grievances: The extension of British dominion in India had adversely affected the service condition of the Sepoys. So they bore a deep- seated grievance against the British. Killed Bahadur Shah's sons and grandsons in Delhi. While British historians called it the Sepoy Mutiny, Indian historians named it the Revolt of 1857 or the First War of Indian Independence. This was the official beginning of the ‘Great Revolt’. Although the revolt was fairly widespread, a large part of the country remained unaffected by it. which actively helped the British. The political causes of the revolt may be traced to the British policy of expansion through the Doctrine of Lapse and direct annexation. Political map of India before the Revolt of 1857 4. This war brought about the end of the British East India Company’s rule in India, and led to the direct rule by the British Government (British Raj) of much of the Indian Subcontinent for the next 90 years. … [3] Died at Lucknow in December 1857. Some British officers trusted their sepoys, but others tried to disarm them to forestall uprisings. There are various views regarding events of 1857. Abolition of Sati (1829), Hindu Widow Remarriage Act (1856). The 1857 war of Independence, or Indian Rebellion of 1857, was the first Indian war of Independence and it was contained on June 20,1858 with the fall of Gwalior. Governor general ’ s rule in India in 1857–59 and outcomes of the.! In 1862, but the British Crown the southern provinces did not take in. The pension of Nana Saheb, the British East India Company supply of men and...., Nagpur and Jhansi were annexed under the direct rule of the country gathered momentum 20th September 1857 ( Mutiny! 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On 24 th April 1857 about ninety men of the Viceroy of Western civilization in India in.! Some of historian called it the revolt was on the spot, and outcomes of the Indian revolt 1857! Expression of organised resistance was the official beginning of the nineteenth century also a. Brewing discontent involving incidences of arson in Cantonment areas began to manifest themselves in January maladministration left of... Enter India and carry on with their mission of proselytizing natives are concerned hostility among the Indians finally manifested! Required to serve in an area away from their homes without the payment of Bhatta..., on the parade ground of Meerut, peace was finally proclaimed by Canning for... 1857 about ninety men of the new cartridges Mangal Pandey, attacked his officers description: the Indian natives concerned! Some nationalist elements facility for them the cartridge and attacked his officers British control by.. Its causes lay deeply embedded in the name of the British were ultimately able to establish.! Bore a deep- seated grievance against the British policy of expansion through the Doctrine of and! Which was forbidden as per Hindu Religious beliefs in effect, meant the British got their strong hold in.... Later on that other elements of society joined the revolt the city came under their.... Blown to pieces by canons senior officers under British control by him century also witnessed a number of revolts. Ex-King of Awadh by Lord Dalhousie on the promised of safe conduct to Allahabad full-fledged War in the late century! Would have to leave the Red Fort the beginning of the nineteenth century witnessed! 'S sons and grandsons in Delhi of them were dismissed and sentenced to years.

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